Brecheniauc received its name first from Brachan. In the beginning, Teuderic was king of that district. He formerly came to Garth Madrun, and from there proceeded with chiefs and elders and all his familia, and went to Brancoyn, near Lann Maies. And Teuderic said to Marchell, his daughter,"The severity of the cold afflicts us exceedingly. Wherefore it is worth the trouble to procure for my daughter a fur garment, however far we may search, lest she should be overcome with the rigor of the cold. For I will send her across into Hibernia with three hundred men to Anlac, son of Coronac, king of that country, that she may be married to him."
Marchell therefore set forth with three hundred men for Lan Semin, and there on the fìrst night a hundred men died from the intensity of the cold. And on the second night she came to Methrum, and there as many died as on the former occasion. And on the third night she went down to Port Maur, a place which was much warmer. And then with the hundred men left to her, she sailed across to Hibernia, and came in safety with her followers to Anlac, king of that country.
He received her with much dancing and joy, and betrothed her to himself to be his lawful wife, giving her an oath that if she should bear him a son, he would return with her to Brittannia, that the boy might not be deprived of his ancestral kingdom in Brittannia. And the said Anlach gave waiting-women in marriage to his twelve chamberlains or men, to each a damsel apiece, according to the dignity of their birth.
And afterwards Marchell brought forth a son and called him Brachan. Anlach therefore returned with Queen Marchell and the boy Brachan, and the following chiefs: Kerniol; and secondly, Fernach, from whom Enifernach is named; thirdly, Lith milich, from whom is named Maiuawr oper birnich; fourthly, Lounoic. Brachan was born in Benni, and was sent to Drichan, from whom is named Din Drichan. And it was this Drichan who brought up Brachan (from whom is derived the expression Brachan Brecheniauc).
When he was four years of age. And in his seventh year Drichan said to Brachan,"Bring me my lance."Now Drichan, towards the close of his life, became blind. And as he lay awake, a certain boar came from the wood and stood near the bank of the river Ischir. And behind it in the river was a stag, and under the stag's belly a fish, which three things portended that Brachan would be fortunate in abundance of wealth. Moreover, there was a beech tree standing on the side of the said river, in which bees were making honey, and Drichan said to Brachan, his charge,"Behold, I give thee this tree full of bees and honey, and also of silver and gold, and may the grace of God and his love abide with thee always, here and hereafter."
And after this Anlach gave his son Brachan as hostage to the king of Powys, and afterwards, in process of time, Brachan violated Banadlinet, the daughter of Benadel. And she became pregnant and bore a son, Kynauc by name, who was carried to the caer and baptized. After this, Brachan took a torque from his arm and gave it to his son Kynauc. That saint Kynauc is very celebrated in his own patria of Brecheniauc, and that torque is preserved to the present time in the said province among its most precious relics.
This is the genealogy of saint Kynauc the son of Brachan; Brachan son of Marchell; Marchell daughter of Teuderic; Teudiric son of Teudfall; Teudfall son of Teuder, son of Teudfal; Teudfal son of Annhun, king of the Greeks.
These are the names of the sons of Brachan of Brecheniauc:
Of the daughters of Brachan:
The tomb of Brachan is in the island which is called Enysbrachan, which is near Mannia. The tomb of Rein the son of Brachan [is] in Landeuailac. The tomb of Kanauc [is] Merthir [Cynog] in Brecheniauc. The tomb of Anlauch [is] before the door of the church of Lanespetit. Brachan had three wives, to wit, Praust, Ribraust, and Proistri.
This is the progeny of Keredic, king of Keredigan: Dewi son of Sant; Sant son of Keredic son of Cuneda; Auan buelh son of Kedic son of the same Keredic: Pedyr Lanwaur, son of Corin son of Keredic; Kenider Gell son of Kynon son of Keredic; Gunlyu son of Guaur daughter of Keredic; Gugan Cledyburdh son of Lauch son of Lucho son of Kedich son of Keredic; Jna daughter of Keredic; Karanouc son of Keredic; Dyuennen son of Anhun son of Keredic; Saint Keneu son of Corun son of Keredic; Gugan son of Samson son of Keredic; Saint Dogmael son of Jthaeil son of Keredic; saint Tydiuc son of Corun son of Keredic.
The Family of Brecheniauc (Cognacio Brychan)
The Family of Brychan, from whom was named Brecheyniawc, a part of Demetia, that is, South Wales.
Teudric, king in Garth Madrun, came as far as Bryncoyn, near Laninaes, with chiefs and elders, and all his familia, having an only daughter, Marchell by name, to whom he said, "I fear concerning thy safety, because of the present pestilence which aflicts us". (To avoid which the said Marchell had a kind of girdle made of the skin of an animal, for there was an opinion that whosoever should place the skin of an animal round his loins, would escape death f rom pestilence.) "Wherefore start out for Hibernia if perchance God should respect my wish that thou mayst live."
And her father assigned to her three hundred men and twelve maidens, daughters of the architriclinus, as attendants, all of whom accompanied her thither. And as Marchell was on her journey, she was entertained the first night at Llansemyn, and that night a hundred men died there. In the morning she arose cursing the place of that habitation, and started forth fretting with the sense of danger and remorse, and on the second night she arrived at Madrun, and as on the former occasion a hundred men died there. In the ìnorning she arose as quickly as possible, and on the third night arrived at Porthmaur, and the death of her men having been avoided, she came with her hundred men and her attendants to Hibernia.
When her arrival was discovered, there met her Anlach, son of Gormac, king of that place, with a great following, as became a king. And when the reason of her arrival was known, King Anlach was glad, and took her to be his wife, both on account of her beauty and on account of her lineage, she being a king's daughter.
And King Anlach vowed that he would return with her to Britannia if she bore him a son. And King Anlach wedded the said twelve maidens, giving away each one of them in marriage. And it happened in the course of time that Marchell conceived and brought forth a son, to whom the father gave the name of Brachan.
Now when Brachan was two years old, his parents brought him to Britannia and they sojourned at Benny. And Drichan took the boy to be fostered, and he was with him seven years.
Afterwards a war arose between the kings, and his father gave him as hostage to the King of Powys whose name was Banadyl; where during his sojourn he violated the daughter of the said king, whose name was Banadylued. She conceived and brought forth a son, whom he caused to be carried to saint Gastayn, whose church is now situated by Mara. He baptized him and called his named Kynauc. Now all knew that he was Brichan's son from the cap and torque with which Kynauc had been vested.
This is his pedigree: Kynauc son of Brachan son of Anlach son of Gornuc son of Eurbre of Hibernia, and so far on the father's side. On the mother's, Brichan son of Marchell daughter of Teudric son of Teithphal son of Teithrin son of Tathal son of Annun the Black, King of the Greeks. Afterwards, when Brachan was increasing in virtues, the war ceased and peace was restored between the kings. After some time his father Anlach died, who while Brychan was aspiring to the kingdom of his parents, assembled the nobles of his kingdom to discuss concerning his succession. They, beholding so much diligence, grace and nobleness shining in [Brachan], raised him to be king. Whilst he was reigning with luster and ordering the kingdom which he had received, with greatest care, he married three wives in succession, whose names are these: Eurbraust, Rybraust and Proestri, from whom he had a large progeny; to wit, thirteen sons, whose names are these:
Also twenty-four daughters, whose names are these:
Grichan lies in Mynav, in the valley which is called the valley of Brchan. Anllach lies before the door of the church of Llanyspydyt. Eeyn son of Brichan lies in Llanvayloc. The tomb of Kynauc is in Merthyr Kynauc in Brecheiniawc.
The Sons of Brychan.
The three leading authorities, i.e. the De Situ, the Cog- nacio and Jesus College MS. 20 agree as to the following eight sons:
They disagree as to the following three names which, however, they all regard as those of Brychanites:
Both the Cognacio and JC 20 introduce these two additional narnes, which are unnumbered:
The Daughters of Brychan.
Our three authorities are agreed as to all the married daughters of Brychan, eleven in number:
They are also agreed as to the following nine un- married daughters:
The following- four appear in at least two of our authorities:
The following, which are unnumbered, only appear in one of our three authorities, and with the exception of Belyau are clearly intended to complete the traditional number of twenty-four.
A less reliable source:OF THE SITUATION OF BRECKNOCK (The account of Brychan Brycheiniog, and his kindred) , contained in:
Cotton MSS. in the British Museum. Vespasian A XIV written in the year 900, printed in:
Lives of the Cambro British saints. Pub. for the Welsh Mss. Society, Rees, William Jenkins (1853) pp 602-608
Saint Cynog, the son of Brychan. Brychan was the son of Marchell, Marchell, was the daughter of Tewdrig, Tewdrig was the son of Teudfall, Teudfall was the son of Tewdwr, Tewdwr was the son of Teudfall, Teudfall was the son of Anhun, king of the Greeks.
These are the names of the sons of Brychan of Brecknock:
Of the daughters of Brychan:
This is the progeny of Ceredig, king of Ceredigion: